James Madison and the necessary and proper clause

Source: Tenth Amendment Center
by Mike Maharrey

“‘Necessary and proper’ ranks among the most abused clauses in the Constitution. It has been dubbed the ‘elastic clause’ because of the perception that it allows the scope of federal power to expand. The federal government began abusing this clause within years of ratification. In 1800, James Madison countered these early abuses, forcefully arguing that it’s not elastic at all and doesn’t give the government any additional powers.” (07/16/17)