How we know eurozone monetary policy is working again

Source: Cobden Centre
by Benn Steil

"In 2013, I showed that the ECB’s monetary transmission mechanism had broken down in the crisis-hit periphery countries. ECB rate cuts were not being passed on to rate cuts on new loans to businesses. Perhaps the strongest sign that the crisis has ended is that this mechanism has now been restored in the periphery countries. In fact, the link between ECB rates and the rates banks charge on new business loans is now, on average, considerably stronger in the periphery than in the core …. The turning point was the ECB’s June 2014 announcement of a negative deposit rate and cheap long-term loans to banks—known as targeted longer-term refinancing operations, or TLTROs. This is because these new measures have disproportionately benefited periphery banks." (09/19/17)